The Hummingbirds of The Bahamas

Eight hummingbird species have been known to The Bahamas: four extant, native species including two endemic, three vagrants and, one extinct species. The Bahama woodstar and the Inagua woodstar are endemic to The Bahamas; the two other native species are the green-throated mango and the Cuban emerald. The bee hummingbird, endemic to Cuba, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the rufous hummingbird both migrant species from North America are vagrants. Whereas, the extinct species, Brace's emerald, was last seen in the 19th Century.

The occurrence of hummingbird species are not evenly distributed around the Bahamian Archipelago--a condition that maybe due to sheer size of the archipelago, remoteness of some islands, the proximity of other islands to the mainland and other Caribbean source populations, migratory paths of some hummingbird species, and, further, island size, terrain, and vegetation. Consider that the Inagua Woodstar is found only on the island of Inagua to the southeast end of the island chain and non-other is reported there; the rufous hummingbird can be found on the Grand Bahama on of the Bahamian island closest to continental USA; and the Bahama Woodstar, ruby-throated hummingbird, and Cuban Emerald are widespread in the archipelago.

The Bahamian species are generally small and belong to the bees clade with the exception of the Cuban Emerald and the green-breasted mango that are medium to large and belong to the emeralds and the mangos clades respectively.

The Convention for International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) lists the Bahama Woodstar as Appendix II meaning it is a threatened species which stands to become endangered. Appropriately, hummingbirds are protected by law under Section 1, of the Schedule to The Bahamas' Wild Birds Protection Act.

Hummingbirds of The Bahamas
Bee Hummingbird
Bahama Woodstar
Brace's Emerald
Cuban Emerald
Green-breasted Mango
Inagua Woodstar
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird